Computer Science

Hierarchy of Data Database System Most Important Points

Hierarchy of Data Database the importance of Data Database System Data in PC is ordered in a pecking order. Diverse terms are utilized to depict data of various levels in the chain of importance. Hierarchy of Data command of Data Database.

A Data contains documents, a document contains records, a record Data Database in co Adat contains fields and a field comprises of characters. The bit is the littlest unit of data record System the data T PC. Eight bits make one byte. A byte is utilized to speak to a character like.

Hierarchy of Data Database System

Hierarchy of Data



A mix of at least one characters is called field. It is the littlest unit of data other that can be gotten to by the client. The name of each field in a record is one of a kind. The data kind of a field shows the sort of data that can be put away in the field. Each field contains one omake specific snippet of data. A field measure characterizes the greatest number of characters that can be put away in a field. The EmployeeID, Name, HireDate, JobTitle, and Phone are cases of fields that speak to a representative.


A gathering of related fields utilized as a solitary unit is known as a record. For example, a worker’s record incorporates an arrangement of fields that contains employed, Name, HireDate, JobTitle and Phone and so forth.


A gathering of related records utilized as a solitary unit is called document. The document is otherwise called data set. Records are put away on various capacity media, for example, hard circle, USB streak drive or optical plate and so forth. The Employee document may contain the records of many workers. Every worker’s record comprises same fields yet each field contains distinctive data.

The term document can likewise allude to the word processing, spreadsheet or other executable application records. These are called program documents. These records might possibly contain data.

Progression of Data A database is a gathering of related data records. For instance, an understudy database may have data records like Students document, Fee record, Attendance document and Exam record and so forth. The data in the data documents can be gotten to by utilizing the database management system.


A key is a trait or set of qualities that remarkably recognizes a tuple in a connection. The keys are characterized in tables to access or arrangement the putaway data rapidly and easily. They are additionally used to make the connection between various tables.

Essential Key:

  • A property or set of properties that interestingly distinguishes a column or record in a connection is known as an essential key.

Some most critical focuses on an essential key are as per the following:

  • A connection can have just a single essential key.
  • Each incentive in essential key quality must be exceptional.
  • Essential key can’t contain invalid qualities.

Assume a connection Student contains diverse characteristics, for example, RollNo, Name, DOB Address, and Phone. The property RollNo exceptionally recognizes every understudy in the connection. It can be utilized as an essential key for this connection. The property Name can’t exceptionally recognize each line since two understudies can have the same name. It can’t be utilized as essential key.

Competitor Key:

A connection may contain numerous quality or set of traits that can be utilized as essential key. The property or set of qualities that can be utilized as the essential key is called competitor key.

Assume Student connection contains diverse characteristics, for example, RegNo, RollNo, Name DOB, Address, and Phone. The qualities RegNo and RollNo can be utilized to recognize every understudy in the connection. The two qualities are known as competitor keys. A connection can have numerous applicant keys.

Interchange Key:

The hopeful keys that are not chosen as essential key are known as exchange keys. Assume Student connection contains diverse traits, for example, RegNo, RollNo, Name, DOB, Address, and Phone. The properties RegNo and RollNo can be utilized to distinguish every understudy in connection. On the off chance that RegNo is chosen as essential key, at that point RollNo characteristic winds up substitute key.

Composite Key:

An essential key that comprises at least two qualities is known as a composite key. For instance, the accompanying connection utilizes two ascribes RollNo and Subject to recognize each tuple. This is a case of a composite key.

Remote Key:

A remote key is a property or set of characteristics in a connection whose qualities coordinate an essential key in another connection. The connection in which remote key is made is known as a reliant connection or kid connection.

The connection to which the outside key alludes is known as parent connection. The key associated with another connection when a relationship is set up between two relations. A connection may contain numerous remote keys.

The accompanying figure indicates two relations. The RollNo property in Parent connection is utilized as essential key. The RollNo trait in Child connection is utilized as outside key. It alludes to Exan RollNo trait in Parent connection.

Some vital purposes of an outside key are as per the following:

  • It has an indistinguishable name from the essential key to which it alluded.
  • The field she fie to rehandle determinations of the essential key from which it was replicated must be the same for the remote key as well.

Auxiliary KeY:

A secondary key is a property or blends of characteristics that can be utilized to get to or recover records. Optional key qualities may not be exceptional. One auxiliary key esteem may allude to numerous records. For instance, a quality City in Student connection can be utilized to show all understudies who live in a particular city. For this situation, City is utilized as optional key.

Sort/Control Key:

A quality or set of ascribes that is utilized to physically arrangement the putaway data is called sort key. It is otherwise called control key. The put away data can be arranged in various courses as per the client prerequisite.

About the author


Hello there, my name is Abdul Hameed IT arrangement The Concepts of Information Technology Introduction to Computers and Information Technology Free Education Computers And Software Education site gives free.

The utilization of Information Technology in each field of life is expanding with the progression of time. It is essential for understudies and additionally average citizens to know the most recent ideas of data innovation to contend on the planet. Capability in data innovation is essential to apply it viable in various fields for advancement.

Abdul Hameed

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